4.1 Force and Free-Body Diagrams
- Define a force and distinguish between contact forces and
  long-range forces.
- Demonstrate proficiency in accurately drawing and labeling
  free-body diagrams.

4.2 Vector Addition
- Determine the resultant of two vectors.

4.3 First Law of Motion
-  Define mass and inertia.
-  State and apply Newton’s first law of motion for objects in static

4.4 Mass and Weight
- Distinguish between mass and weight and calculate weight using
  the acceleration due to gravity.

4.5 Second Law of Motion
- Understand the significance of Newton’s second law of motion and
  use it to solve problems.

4.6 Friction
- Define friction and distinguish between static and kinetic friction.
- Understand the factors affecting a frictional force.
- Define the static and kinetic coefficients of friction.

4.7 Centripetal Force
-  Explain the acceleration of an object moving in a circle at constant
-  Understand that centripetal force is not a new type of force

4.8 Motion in a Vertical Circle
-   Analyze and solve problems involving objects moving in vertical circles.

4.8 Third Law of Motion
- Understand the meaning of Newton’s third law of motion.